After producing aircrafts and automobiles with aluminum, manufacturers test the fracture toughness with a 8801 system with Fracture Toughness software.
For tensile testing of aramid fibers with a high modulus and strength to weight ratio, use pneumatic grips with a 3300 or 5900 machine to prevent slippage.
To follow ASTM F2516, the Advanced Video Extensometer allows for accurate strain measurement of nitinol wire for biomedical uses without common failures.
Best practices for addressing the challenges of testing rebar to global standards that specify mechanical properties and testing requirements.
The Industrial Series Model 600 KPX has a long stroke actuator and large test space perfect for tensile testing of multi-wire stands made for prestressed concrete.
A custom Industrial Series horizontal frame is ideal for testing large structural steel shapes (such as W and S shapes)to ASTM A370 and EN 10002-1.
To test Type A, B, or C gray iron following ASTM A48, use an Industrial Series 300LX load frame with split sleeve shouldered end specimen holders made for gray iron.
With the Industrial Series 300LX fame and USTA adapters, perform tensile testing of ductile iron like sewer pipes in accordance with ASTM A736.
A Model 5969 frame with self-aligning fixtures can determine the adhesion or cohesion strength of thermal spray coatings, observing ASTM C633.
A 3345 System can be used with a webcam connected to Bluehill 3 to track the force needed to tear flexible plastic film in accordance with ASTM D 1004-13.
To determine tensile and elongation properties of microtensile plastics in accordance with ASTM D1708-13, used a 3345 system with a 225 lb. load cell.
For wood adhesives in wood composites, the internal bond strength test can be done with a 3300 or 5500 testing machine to determine the tensile strength.
In following ASTM D1335 for tuft bind testing of artificial turf, the short tufts are challenging to grip in testing the durability of the surface.
The 2717 Elastomeric O-Ring Test Fixtures can determine the physical properties of O-rings without local stress concentrations or slippage.
Capstan or pneumatic cord and yarn grips are useful in finding the tensile strength and elongation at break of yarn with the single-strand method.
ASTM D3039 creates standards for tensile testing with polymer matrix composites, including carbon fiber specimens in an environmental chamber.
A high-capacity, floor mounted frame allows for stiffness, repeatability, and alignment with testing composite laminates in a temperature chamber.
ASTM D3163 is a standard to evaluate the shear strength of adhesively bonded rigid plastic lap shear joints without damaging the bonds.
Mechanical properties of single textile fibers can be tested before manufacturing to understand how modifications impact fiber function and aesthetics.
With a unique shape and delicate materials, composite tow specimens present challenges for tensile testing, but an AutoX extensometer can assist in the process.
Non-contact extensometers offer a viable solution for testing the tensile properties of both molded or die cut elastomers, including vulcanized rubber or thermoplastic elastomers.
When testing adhesion between rubber and rigid materials, use a tension or peel procedure and follow ASTM D429 standards.
When testing the grab strength and elongation of geotextile fabrics, be aware of the potential problem from coatings that can create slippage and jaw face breaks.
ASTM D5034 is used to determine the tensile properties of woven fabrics using the grab method.
ASTM D5035 is used to determine the tensile properties of woven fabrics using the strip method.
When testing the strength and elongation of medical gloves to uphold international and FDA standards, one has to be careful with measuring strain without damage.
To achieve accuracy and repeatability with Poisson's Ratio of plastics, measure the transverse and axial strain with biaxial extensometers.
ASTM D638-14 specifies a method to determine the tensile properties of reinforced and unreinforced plastics, including dumbbell, rods, and tubular specimens.
While testing strong aramid cords, aramid cords and yarn grips should be used to prevent possible internal and external slippage and increase accuracy.
With thin plastic sheeting, grips need to prevent slippage without prematurely tearing the specimen in tensile testing in accordance with ASTM D882.
Pneumatic Cord and Yarn Grips allow testing of tire cord to the ASTM D885 standard.
For testing the peel or stripping strength of adhesive bonds, use manual screw or pneumatic action grips with rubber coated or smooth flat faces.
Instron assisted a steel manufacturer with a 5985 testing system and model SF-16 split furnace to perform tensile tests to a specimen at a high temperature.
With temperature tension tests of metals to calculate tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation or reduction, follow ASTM E21 to meet modern requirements.
The Advanced Video Extensometer allows for the reliability of conventional contacting extensometers while collecting axial and transverse strain data simultaneously.
The Advanced Video Extensometer allows for consistent sheet metal tensile testing when the specimen is too thin for a clip-on extensometer.
To follow ASTM E8, specific dimensions and gripping solutions need to be used in tension testing of metallic materials like sheets, wires, and pipes.
Universal Spherical Tension Adapters used with the Industrial Series 300 LX load frame allow for testing of shouldered end specimens and follow ASTM E8.
Different sized shoulder-end metals are needed to tensile test to ASTM E8 and A370 standards, and Split Insert Tensile Holders add ease to changing the inserts.
The AutoX 750 and AVE can be used for tensile testing metallic materials to ASTM E8 standards and reduce the operator interaction with the specimen.
Pneumatic grips can be used with testing soft tissue substrates to understand the wound closure strength of tissue adhesives, following ASTM F2458.
The Industrial Series 1000HDX frame with spherical tension rods and standard bolt holders follows ASTM F606 to test threaded fasteners correctly and efficiently.
While a high temperature test took place inside an environmental chamber, a specially designed ball indent test fixture adjusted the pushrods.
With angioplasty, stents need to be removed axially when the balloon catheter is uninflated. Tests need to be performed to find the force needed to remove it safely.
With a high tensile strength, Basalt Fiber Reinforced Plastic material developed by basalt in the earth's crust can be used as rebar in the civil engineering industry.
A 5948 MicroTester can be used to determine the strength of bioadhesives to be sure that a correct concentration of drugs is delivered into biological substrates.
Following BS EN 319, understand how particleboards and fiberboards under stress by calculating the opposition to tension perpendicular to the test piece.
Pneumatic side action grips or mechanical elastomeric grips may be used in testing the physical properties of medical gloves, according to BS EN 455-2.
to meet strict industry standards, tensile test uni-directional carbon fiber laminates with a 5980 floor model with AlignPro and manual wedge grips.
Cargo netting needs to be tested to find out the durability of the material and design in order to meet standards for different automotive applications.
For tensile testing of catheter tubing, Instron's 3345 system with pneumatic cord and yarn grips determines the breaking strength for quality control.
To determine the tensile strength and modulus of composite laminates, load the products to failure with Instron Hydraulic Wedge grips on a 5900 series frame.
When testing composite mesh, a testing machine can be used with pneumatic side action grips, but the testing solutions for other materials depend on composition.
Testing contact lenses testing presents challenges with the delicacy and small size of the contacts, as well as the required simulated environment.
Pneumatic side action grips combined with custom wedge inserts can be used to test high strength conveyor belt material.
EN 10002-1 determines tensile testing of metals including metallic sheets, wire, bar, and tubes at ambient temperature by straining the specimen until it fractures.
Adhesives, specimens to be bonded, and the method of bonding impact the bond strength of rigid-to-rigid bonds, which can be tested according to EN 1465:1994.
For thermal insulating materials used in construction, EN 1607 tells how to determine the tensile strength perpendicular to its faces.
To find the tensile strength parallel to the faces of thermal insulating materials, follow EN 1608 to know if it can stand weight from transportation and use.
A loop tack test can be used to understand the adhesive strength of an adhesive impacted by the pressure of its application by following the EN 1719 method.
The EN 1939 method can illustrate the peel adhesion and average load of self-adhesive tapes by applying the tape and using a tensile machine to find the peel force.
EN 868-5 is meant to find out the peel characteristics of laminate products, including the heat seal joints in self-sealable pouches for sterilized medical products.
Automatic extensometers provide the most accuracy for tensile and cyclic testing of delicate Nitinol wire used in the biomedical industry.
When testing fine wires made for the interconnections between PCBs and ICs in the microelectronic industry, take care to not harm the sensitive specimens.
ISO 10319:2015 is a tensile test for geosynthetics that can utilize Instron's non-contacting extensometer, the AVE2.
With a 5969 testing system and pneumatic side action grips, we are able to test tensile and yield strength of hypodermic needles without early failure from gripping.
A SATEC Series LX or KN Model Machine follow IS 1608 to determine the maximum force, tensile strength, and total elongation for metallic materials.
Axial and transverse extensomers with Instron software can perform ISO 10113 tests to determine the plastic strain ratio, or the R-value, of metallic materials.
Bluehill and Partner software calculate the n-value of metallic materials automatically to ISO 10275:2007 standards when the test is performed.
The peel strength of a T-shaped bond of two flexible substances can be determined in following ISO 11339 method for self-adhesive tape.
Following ISO 11897 to determine tear propagation of thin films using Instron pneumatic side acting grips with rubber coated faces.
ISO 13934-1 is used to determine the tensile properties of woven textile fabric strips.
ISO 13934-2 is used to determine the tensile properties of woven fabrics using the grab method.
The in-plane shear stress/shear strain response can be discovered with the tension test method by the ISO 14129 standards with an Instron 3300 or 5900 machine.
ISO 1421:1998 is used to determine tensile strength and elongation at break for various fabrics.
Flexible cellular polymeric materials can be pulled apart to find out the load and strain to determine the strength and elongation at break.
The strength and deformation characteristics of rigid cellular plastics can be determined with tensile testing to find the change in length.
ISO 2062 tests the quality of yarn by finding the breaking force and elongation at break.
ISO 2411 tests the coating adhesion strength of wet and dry fabrics coated with natural rubber, plastics, or synthetic rubber and works best with pneumatic grips.
When determining the tensile stress-strain properties of rubber, self-tightening or pneumatic side action grips can be used with long travel or video extensometers.
Bonds between metals, plastics, and composites can be tested in tensile testing machines for the adhesive strength when perpendicular force is applied.
When measuring modulus and strain of plastics, use an extensometer that provides high accuracy and has an acceptable gauge length and travel.
Video extensometry and pneumatic grips with rubber faces the same width of the specimen should be used in tensile testing of delicate plastic films and sheets.
The strength, strain at failure, and modulus from isotropic and orthotropic fiber-reinforced plastic composites are tensile tested, following ISO 527.
For tensile testing of metallic materials, ISO 6892-1:2016 has the options to focus on strain rate (Method A) or stress rate (Method B) to strain a specimen to failure.
ISO 6892-1:2009 Metallic Materials -- Tensile testing -- part 1: Method of test at room temperature
Instron's syringe test fixture works for various specifications and follows ISO 7886-1 to test the aspiration and injection of liquids.
ISO 8067 gives guidelines for analyzing the peak force and tear strength of flexible cellular polymeric materials with a particular thickness.
Video extensometers add ease to following JIS standards for sheet metal testing where R value, N value, yield strength, and other calculations need to be applied.
The 8874 system can test the laxity of knee joints in simulated conditions before they are used for a total knee replacement and impacted by the surgery.
Many soft tissues, such as skin or collagen, are delicate specimens with low ultimate strength values and require a testing system to be highly sensitive to low-force measurements and small displacements.
A BioBox temperature chamber can solve the problem of a simulated natural environment for testing medical materials that cannot be placed in a fluid bath.
To avoid slippage, test medical tubing and catheters with pneumatic cord and yarn grips or pneumatic side action grips with rubber faces, depending on the material.
To be NADCAP compliant, aerospace companies need to pass a checklist for mechanical tensile testing to ensure correct alignment and bending.
Orthopedic micro-implants used to treat bone problems and soft tissue injuries need to be tested in simulated loading conditions to prevent failure.
A tensile test is performed on solder pins until failure as part of the mechanical tests on printed circuit boards for the electronics market.
With a FINAT test roller and a tensile testing machine, the peel adhesion properties of laminates can be determined, following FINAT Test Method 2.
For tensile testing plastic strapping material, Instron created 30 kN pneumatic side acting grips and jaw faces to be used with a 5900 Series load frame.
For testing polymer hydrogels, use an electromechanical test system with a 50 N load cell, pneumatic or manual screw action grips, and a dog bone die.
For tensile testing of polymeric membranes for the biomedical field, challenges are associated with gripping the wet specimens without slippage or tearing.
To measure the flatwise tensile strength of sandwich construction, adhere materials to specimen blocks and then place into dual yoke fixtures and load axially.
In testing soft biological tissues, the 250 N capacity pneumatic grips with either serrated faces or smooth faces and sandpaper prevent error and slippage.
Non-contracting strain measurement using the Advanced Video Extensometer reduces difficulty with stainless steel tubing from pre-mature failure.
For a manufacturer wanting to tensile test steel cord reinforcement in tires, Instron suggested vee jaw faces, coated holders, and custom pneumatic wedge grips.
A 3345 with a 1 kN load cell and 1 kN capacity pneumatic cord and yarn grips can be used to produce tensile tests for surgical sutures and knots.
To test the medical performance of surgical tubing to prevent failure of the tubes, joints, and additional friction, use correct gripping for correct results.
When performing a pull test for conducting tubing in a blood bag, fix clamps to the hole in the component table and use a screw grips to take out the inlet tubing.
TAPPI publishes standards for the paper industry and the tensile breaking strength, bursting strength, tensile breaking load, breaking strength, and tear factor.
Pneumatic side action grips and rubber coated jaw faces work for tensile testing thin human hair to understand the results of various shampoos, dyes, and gels.
To perform tensile tests for surgical tubing, use mechanical screw action grips for components and pneumatic grips for the tubing itself to prevent slipping.
Instron's Bath and Submersible Pneumatic Grips can assist in in-vitro testing of soft tissues and biomaterials, which are fragile and require low force measurements.
The BioPuls range maintains mimics human tissues like the esophagus in testing material properties to help design bio-engineered replacements.
A Model SF-16 split furnace can be used with an Industrial Series 300 DX system or a 5900 Series Test System for hot tensile testing.
Non-contacting extensometers can be used to measure strain of biological specimens without early damage, and various techniques can be used to mark the soft tissues.
For tensile testing high strength webbing material, Instron provides capstan grips to prevent slippage and jaw breaks.
ANSI/AWS B4.0 produces guidelines for mechanical testing of welds, including tensile testing to determine the Ultimate Tensile Strength.
Instron testing machines can follow ASTM D143 and find the strength parallel or perpendicular to the grain, internal bond strength, and cleavage strength for wood.
Instron's XY Test Stage mounts to various universal testing systems to work as a precise force applicator without touching the wrong components.